Chasing Waterfalls: Exploring Iceland’s Natural Wonders


Iceland, also known as the “Land of Fire and Ice”, is a country filled with breathtaking landscapes and natural wonders. From its majestic glaciers to its steaming hot springs, Iceland has captivated the hearts of many travelers. However, one of the most iconic features of this Nordic island nation are its numerous waterfalls. With over 10,000 waterfalls scattered throughout the country, Iceland offers endless opportunities for adventurers and nature enthusiasts alike. In this blog post, we will dive deep into the world of Icelandic waterfalls and discover some of the most stunning and unique spots to explore.

Overview of Iceland’s Waterfalls

Iceland’s abundance of waterfalls can be attributed to its unique geographical features. The country is situated on top of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where the Eurasian and North American tectonic plates meet. This results in high volcanic activity and a rugged landscape that is perfect for the creation of waterfalls. Additionally, Iceland’s cold climate, with an average temperature of 5°C, allows for a constant flow of glacial meltwater which feeds these magnificent cascades.

The Icelandic word for waterfall is “foss” and it can be found in the names of most waterfalls in the country. These waterfalls vary in size, shape, and form, ranging from small trickles to massive, thundering cascades. Each waterfall has its own unique story and charm, making them all worth exploring. Let’s take a look at some of the top waterfalls in Iceland.

Top Waterfalls in Iceland

Chasing Waterfalls Exploring Iceland's Natural Wonders

Gullfoss (Golden Falls)

Gullfoss, located in the south of Iceland, is undoubtedly one of the most famous waterfalls in the country. It is part of the Golden Circle, a popular tourist route that includes Þingvellir National Park and the Geysir Geothermal Area. The waterfall is fed by the glacial river Hvítá and plunges down 32 meters in two stages, creating a mesmerizing display of power and beauty.

One of the unique features of Gullfoss is its shape, as it appears to disappear into a crevice in the earth. This creates an illusion of endlessness and adds to the allure of the waterfall. Visitors can view Gullfoss from a viewing platform or hike down to the edge of the waterfall for a closer look.


Seljalandsfoss is another popular waterfall located on the south coast of Iceland. What sets this waterfall apart is the fact that visitors can walk behind it, providing a unique and exhilarating experience. The source of Seljalandsfoss is the Seljalands River, which originates from the infamous Eyjafjallajökull volcano. The waterfall drops from a height of 60 meters and is surrounded by lush greenery, making it a picture-perfect spot for photographers.

Visitors can take a short walk to the base of the waterfall or follow a path that leads behind it. It is recommended to bring waterproof clothing as you may get wet from the mist created by the powerful cascade. During winter, Seljalandsfoss transforms into a magical ice cave, making it a must-see stop on any trip to Iceland.


Skógafoss, also located on the south coast, is one of the largest waterfalls in Iceland with a width of 25 meters and a drop of 60 meters. Legend has it that a Viking named Þrasi buried a treasure chest behind the waterfall, but no one has been able to retrieve it yet. Whether the legend is true or not, Skógafoss remains a treasure in itself and attracts many visitors each year.

One unique feature of Skógafoss is the staircase on the side of the waterfall. Visitors can climb up these stairs for a stunning view from the top of the waterfall. On sunny days, rainbows can often be seen forming in the mist created by the waterfall, adding to its magical charm.


Located in the remote Westfjords region of Iceland, Dynjandi is a series of waterfalls that gradually decrease in size as they flow towards the ocean. The main cascade stands at a height of 100 meters and is known as “Fjallfoss”. It is nicknamed “The Thundering One” due to the deafening sound it creates as the water crashes down into the fjord below.

Dynjandi is a bit off the beaten path, but the journey to get there is well worth it. The drive takes you through rugged landscapes and offers views of other smaller waterfalls along the way. There are also several hiking trails around Dynjandi, allowing visitors to explore the area and take in the beauty of this hidden gem.

Unique Features of Icelandic Waterfalls

Chasing Waterfalls Exploring Iceland's Natural Wonders

Aside from their varying shapes and sizes, Icelandic waterfalls also possess unique features that make them stand out from other waterfalls around the world. Here are a few notable characteristics of Icelandic waterfalls:

Basalt Columns

Basalt columns are a common sight at many Icelandic waterfalls, giving them a distinct and mysterious look. These geometric rock formations are created when lava cools and contracts, creating cracks and crevices. Some waterfalls, like Svartifoss, are even named after these basalt columns, with “svart” meaning black in Icelandic.


As mentioned earlier, rainbows are a common occurrence at Icelandic waterfalls, especially on sunny days. The combination of sunlight and mist from the waterfalls creates the perfect environment for rainbows to form. This adds an extra element of magic and beauty to these already stunning natural wonders.

Glacial Meltwater

The glacial meltwater that feeds Icelandic waterfalls is not just any ordinary water. It is known for its crystal-clear appearance and its ability to create a mesmerizing turquoise hue as it cascades down the falls. This creates a breathtaking contrast against the dark basalt rocks and adds to the otherworldly feel of Icelandic waterfalls.

Best Ways to Experience Iceland’s Waterfalls

Now that we have covered some of the top waterfalls and unique features in Iceland, let’s explore the best ways to experience these natural wonders. Here are some tips for making the most out of your waterfall adventure:

Join a Tour

One of the easiest and most convenient ways to explore Iceland’s waterfalls is by joining a guided tour. There are many tour companies that offer day trips or multi-day tours to various waterfalls around the country. These tours usually include transportation, knowledgeable guides, and stops at multiple waterfalls, allowing you to see as much as possible in a limited amount of time.

Rent a Car

For those who prefer to explore at their own pace, renting a car is a great option. Iceland has a well-maintained road system, making it easy to drive to most waterfalls. Renting a car also gives you the freedom to stop and take photos whenever you want and discover hidden gems along the way.


Many of Iceland’s waterfalls are located in remote areas, making them accessible only by hiking. This is a great option for adventurous travelers who want to get off the beaten path and experience the raw beauty of these cascades up close. Just make sure to follow safety guidelines and stay on marked trails to avoid any accidents.


Iceland’s waterfalls are truly a wonder to behold. From the powerful and thunderous Gullfoss to the serene and secluded Dynjandi, each waterfall offers a unique and captivating experience. Whether you prefer to admire them from a distance or get up close and personal, these natural wonders are sure to leave a lasting impression on anyone who visits them. So if you are planning a trip to Iceland, make sure to add some of these amazing waterfalls to your itinerary. Happy chasing!


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here