Exploring the Ancient Ruins of Machu Picchu


Perched high in the Andes Mountains of Peru, lies one of the world’s most iconic and mysterious ancient ruins – Machu Picchu. This Incan citadel has captured the imagination of travelers for centuries, drawing thousands of visitors each year to marvel at its impressive architecture and natural beauty. As a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, it’s no surprise that Machu Picchu is at the top of many people’s travel bucket lists. In this blog post, we will delve into the rich history and significance of Machu Picchu, offer tips for visiting this incredible destination, and share must-see attractions and experiences.

History of Machu Picchu

The history of Machu Picchu dates back to the 15th century when it was built by the Inca civilization. It is believed that this mountain-top citadel served as a royal estate for the Incan emperor Pachacuti, who ruled from 1438 to 1472. However, the exact purpose of Machu Picchu still remains a mystery, with several theories surrounding its function and eventual abandonment.

One theory suggests that Machu Picchu was a sacred religious site, given its strategic location and alignment with the sun during the solstice. Another theory proposes that it served as a retreat for the Incan nobility, while some believe it was a military outpost to protect against neighboring tribes. The most popular theory, however, suggests that Machu Picchu was used as an agricultural center to grow crops at high altitudes.

Regardless of its original purpose, Machu Picchu was abandoned in the late 16th century during the Spanish conquest of the Incan empire. It remained hidden and unknown to the outside world until explorer Hiram Bingham stumbled upon it in 1911. Bingham’s discovery sparked international interest in Machu Picchu, and it has since become one of the world’s most visited ancient sites.

Significance of Machu Picchu

Exploring the Ancient Ruins of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is not only renowned for its impressive ruins but also for its cultural and historical significance. This UNESCO-listed site provides a glimpse into the advanced engineering and architectural capabilities of the Incan civilization. The intricate stone masonry, terraced fields, and network of aqueducts continue to baffle archaeologists and visitors alike.

Moreover, Machu Picchu holds great spiritual importance for the Quechua people, who are the direct descendants of the Incas. They view Machu Picchu as a sacred site and believe it to be a gateway to the spiritual realm. Many travelers report feeling a sense of awe and tranquility when visiting Machu Picchu, making it a truly unique and magical experience.

How to Get to Machu Picchu

Exploring the Ancient Ruins of Machu Picchu

Located in the Cusco region of Peru, Machu Picchu can be accessed by air, train, or hiking trails. The nearest airport is in Cusco, which has daily flights from major cities in Peru and neighboring countries. From Cusco, you can take a train to Aguas Calientes, the town located at the base of Machu Picchu. Alternatively, you can opt for a multi-day trek on the famous Inca Trail, which offers stunning views and an immersive experience in the Andean landscape.

If you choose to take a train, there are two options available – the Vistadome or the Expedition. The Vistadome offers panoramic windows and a glass roof, providing uninterrupted views of the surrounding scenery. The Expedition is a more budget-friendly option with comfortable seating and large windows. Whichever option you choose, the train journey itself is a memorable experience, passing through lush valleys and along the Urubamba River.

Exploring the Ancient Ruins

The moment you enter Machu Picchu, you will be transported back in time as you wander through the impressive ruins. The layout of the site is divided into two main areas – the Agricultural Zone and the Urban Zone. The Agricultural Zone consists of terraced fields used to grow crops such as maize, potatoes, and quinoa. It also contains a complex network of aqueducts used for irrigation.

The Urban Zone is where you’ll find the iconic structures that have made Machu Picchu famous. These include the Temple of the Sun, the Royal Palace, and the Intihuatana Stone, which is believed to have served as an astronomical clock for the Incas. You can also climb the steep Huayna Picchu or Machu Picchu mountains for breathtaking views of the citadel from above.

Must-See Attractions at Machu Picchu

There are several must-see attractions within Machu Picchu that should not be missed during your visit. Here are some of our top picks:

Temple of the Sun

Located in the Sacred Plaza, the Temple of the Sun is undoubtedly one of the most impressive structures at Machu Picchu. This semi-circular structure was built using precise stone masonry and was likely used for religious ceremonies and astronomical observations.

Inca Bridge

One of the lesser-known attractions at Machu Picchu, the Inca Bridge is a narrow path carved into the side of a cliff. This path was used as a secret entrance for the Incas and was guarded by soldiers during their occupation.

Intihuatana Stone

Also known as the “Hitching Post of the Sun,” this granite rock formation is believed to have been an important religious site for the Incas. Its name translates to “hitching post of the sun” because it was used to track the movement of the sun during the winter solstice.

Sun Gate

The Sun Gate, or Intipunku, is an ancient entrance to Machu Picchu and was the final checkpoint for those completing the Inca Trail trek. It offers stunning views of the citadel and surrounding mountains and is a popular spot for sunrise and sunset.

The Condor Temple

The Condor Temple is another impressive structure at Machu Picchu, named after its shape resembling a flying condor. This temple was likely used for religious rituals and offerings to the gods.

Tips for Visiting Machu Picchu

Here are some tips to help you make the most out of your visit to Machu Picchu:

  • Purchase your tickets in advance to avoid long lines and potential sell-outs.
  • Plan to spend at least half a day at the site – there is a lot to see and explore.
  • Wear comfortable shoes as there is a lot of walking and climbing involved.
  • Bring plenty of water and snacks, as food options are limited within the site.
  • Consider hiring a guide to learn more about the history and significance of Machu Picchu.
  • Be mindful of the altitude – take it slow and stay hydrated.
  • Respect the rules and regulations of the site, such as not touching the ruins or climbing on them.


Machu Picchu is a destination unlike any other, offering a unique blend of history, spirituality, and natural beauty. Whether you’re a history buff, an adventure seeker, or simply looking for a magical travel experience, Machu Picchu has something for everyone. From exploring the ancient ruins to taking in the spectacular views, a visit to this iconic destination is sure to leave a lasting impression. So why wait? Start planning your trip to Machu Picchu today and embark on a journey to one of the world’s most captivating destinations.


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