Urban Exploration: City Review of Tokyo


Urban exploration, also known as urbex, is the act of exploring man-made structures and abandoned places in urban areas. It has become a popular activity among adventurers and thrill-seekers, providing a unique opportunity to discover hidden gems and forgotten histories within cities. With its rich cultural heritage and bustling metropolis, Tokyo, Japan’s capital city, offers an endless supply of urban exploration sites for enthusiasts to discover. In this blog post, we will dive into the world of urban exploration in Tokyo, exploring its history, popular sites, safety tips, and personal experiences from fellow explorers.

History of Urban Exploration

While urban exploration may seem like a relatively new trend, it actually has a long history dating back to the 19th century. Industrialization and rapid urban development led to the creation of abandoned buildings and structures, which attracted the curiosity of adventurous individuals. However, it wasn’t until the late 20th century when urban exploration gained mainstream popularity with the rise of social media and online forums dedicated to sharing experiences and locations.

In Tokyo specifically, urban exploration can be traced back to the 1980s when Japan’s economic bubble burst, leaving behind numerous abandoned buildings and factories. These sites became popular among photographers and urban explorers, who were drawn to their eerie atmosphere and decaying beauty. Today, urban exploration has evolved into a global phenomenon, with Tokyo being one of the top destinations for those seeking to explore the city’s hidden corners.

Overview of Tokyo

Urban Exploration City Review of Tokyo

Tokyo, also known as the “Land of the Rising Sun,” is the largest metropolitan area in the world, home to over 37 million people. The city is a vibrant mix of traditional culture and modern technology, offering visitors a unique experience unlike any other. From towering skyscrapers to peaceful temples, Tokyo has something for everyone.

Geographical Layout

Tokyo is situated on the eastern coast of Japan’s main island, Honshu. The city is divided into 23 special wards, each with its own distinct personality and attractions. The most popular areas for tourists include Shibuya, Shinjuku, Ginza, and Asakusa. Tokyo is also home to numerous islands, including Odaiba, an artificial island known for its futuristic architecture and entertainment facilities.


Getting around Tokyo is relatively easy thanks to its efficient public transportation system. The most convenient way to travel within the city is by using the Tokyo Metro, which connects all major areas of the city. Visitors can also use the JR East rail network, which is divided into several lines, including the famous Yamanote Line that loops around central Tokyo. For those looking for a unique experience, exploring Tokyo on foot or by bicycle is also highly recommended.

Cultural Highlights

Tokyo is steeped in history and culture, offering visitors a fascinating blend of old and new. Some must-see cultural highlights include the Meiji Shrine, dedicated to the deified spirits of Emperor Meiji and Empress Shoken, and the Sensoji Temple, one of Tokyo’s most visited temples dating back to the 7th century. Another must-visit spot is the Imperial Palace, the primary residence of the Emperor of Japan and a stunning example of traditional Japanese architecture.

Popular Urban Exploration Sites in Tokyo

Urban Exploration City Review of Tokyo

Tokyo is a treasure trove for urban explorers, with countless abandoned sites waiting to be discovered. From former amusement parks to deserted hotels, here are some of the most popular urbex spots in Tokyo.

Gunkanjima (Battleship Island)

Located about 15 kilometers off the coast of Nagasaki, Gunkanjima, also known as Battleship Island, is a deserted island that was once a bustling coal mining town. In the 1950s, it had the highest population density in the world, with over 5,000 people living on its small land area. However, due to the decline of coal mining, the island was abandoned in the 1970s, leaving behind a ghost town filled with decaying buildings and structures.

Tokyo Tower

Built in 1958, Tokyo Tower is a communications and observation tower that stands at 333 meters tall. While it still serves as a broadcasting antenna, the tower has been largely replaced by the taller and more modern Tokyo Skytree. However, the original tower remains a popular spot for urban exploration, offering breathtaking views of the city from its observation deck.

Keishin Hospital

Located in the Kanagawa Prefecture, Keishin Hospital is a deserted hospital that has become a popular urbex spot among thrill-seekers. The hospital was opened in 1967 but was abandoned in 2002 due to financial difficulties. Its eerie atmosphere and remnants of medical equipment make it a hauntingly beautiful place to explore.

Yashio Factory

Yashio Factory, also known as “The Red Factory,” is an abandoned factory located in Saitama Prefecture. The factory was once used to produce spinning machinery for the textile industry, but it closed down in the 1980s. Today, the building is covered in red graffiti, giving it an otherworldly appearance that attracts urban explorers and photographers alike.

Nara Dreamland

Nara Dreamland was a theme park built in 1961 as a replica of Disneyland in California. Despite its popularity in the 1980s, the park struggled to compete with bigger and more modern parks like Tokyo Disneyland. It eventually closed down in 2006, leaving behind a deserted amusement park filled with abandoned rides and decaying buildings.

Safety Tips for Urban Exploration in Tokyo

While urban exploration can be an exhilarating experience, it is important to prioritize safety when exploring abandoned sites. Here are some tips to ensure a safe and enjoyable urbex adventure in Tokyo.

Research the Location

Before heading out to an urbex site, it is essential to do thorough research on its history, accessibility, and potential hazards. This will help you prepare for what to expect and minimize any risks while exploring.

Wear Appropriate Clothing and Gear

Wearing comfortable clothing and sturdy shoes is crucial when exploring abandoned sites. Long pants and sleeves are recommended to protect against insects and sharp objects. It is also a good idea to bring a flashlight, first aid kit, and a mask to protect against dust and mold.

Travel in a Group

Exploring alone can be dangerous, especially in unfamiliar and isolated areas. It is always best to travel with a group of friends or join an organized urbex tour for added safety.

Be Respectful

When exploring abandoned sites, it is important to remember that these places were once someone’s home or workplace. Be respectful of the location and avoid causing damage or leaving trash behind. It is also essential to follow any posted signs or warnings to ensure your own safety.

Personal Experiences and Stories from Urban Explorers

To get a firsthand account of urban exploration in Tokyo, we reached out to a few fellow explorers and asked them to share their experiences and stories.

Sarah, 27

“As a big fan of Japanese culture, I was eager to explore Tokyo’s urban landscape and discover hidden gems beyond the typical tourist attractions. One of my favorite urbex experiences was exploring an abandoned train station in Chiba Prefecture. The station had been closed down for years and was covered in graffiti, but it still had a hauntingly beautiful charm to it. As we walked through the deserted platform, it felt like we were stepping back in time.”

Mark, 32

“I have been an urbex enthusiast for years, and Tokyo has always been on my list of places to explore. One of my most memorable urbex experiences in Tokyo was visiting an abandoned school in Saitama Prefecture. The school had closed down in the 1980s, but everything inside, including desks, textbooks, and even student artwork, was still left behind. It was a surreal experience stepping into a time capsule like that.”

Rachel, 25

“I’ve always been fascinated by abandoned amusement parks, so when I heard about Nara Dreamland, I knew I had to visit it while in Tokyo. As an avid photographer, the park provided endless photo opportunities with its rusted rollercoasters and overgrown pathways. However, it was also a bit eerie being there alone, surrounded by the remnants of a once vibrant place.”


Tokyo’s urban landscape is a playground for urban explorers, offering a diverse range of abandoned sites waiting to be discovered. From deserted islands to abandoned amusement parks, the city provides a unique opportunity to step back in time and experience its forgotten histories. However, it is important to remember to prioritize safety and respect when exploring these sites. With proper preparation and caution, urban exploration in Tokyo can be a thrilling and unforgettable experience. So pack your bags, grab your camera, and get ready to uncover the hidden treasures of this bustling metropolis.


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